3 types of crime measurement essay

Uniform Crime Reports, victimization surveys and self report studies all have similar purposes of concluding the trends in different crimes and suggesting the attention of problematic issues. Although, theses types of crime measurement all have the same aim, results vary tremendously between them. Each type of measurement is conducted by a different group that hold their own techniques of gathering information.

3 types of crime measurement essay

In the records check studies, the samples included known crime victims selected from police records. The studies were done in Washington, D.

A key objective of these early studies was to determine the best length for the reporting period for a survey, balancing the need to increase the number of crime reports with the need to reduce memory errors.

Some of these studies were inspired by a conference described in Biderman, that brought cognitive psychologists and survey researchers together to examine the memory issues raised by the NCS.

Unfortunately, some of the most intriguing findings from the resulting experiments were never published and are buried in hard-to-find memoranda. For several reasons, the NCVS results are widely used as benchmarks to which statistics from other surveys on crime and crime victimization are compared.

Measuring Crime and Crime Victimization: Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research: The National Academies Press. Results of the first interview, which is necessarily unbounded, are discarded.

The initial interview is done face to face to ensure maximum coverage of the population; if necessary, subsequent interviews are also conducted in person.

Examples of Measurement Problems Despite these impressive design features and the large body of methodological work that shaped it, the NCVS is not without its critics.

Two recent controversies illustrate the problems of the NCVS and of crime surveys more generally. One controversy centers on the number of incidents of defensive gun use in the United States; the other concerns the number of incidents of rape.

3 Types of Crime Measurement Essays

In both cases, seemingly similar surveys yield widely discrepant results; the ensuing methodological controversies point to unresolved issues in how to collect data on crime, gun use, and crime victimization in surveys.

Defensive Gun Use InMcDowall and Wiersema published an estimate of the number of incidents over a four-year period in which potential crime victims had used guns to protect themselves during an actual or attempted crime.

Their estimate was based on data from the NCVS, which gathers information about several classes of crime—rape, assault, burglary, personal and household larceny, and car theft.

The key estimates McDowall and Wiersema presented were that between and there were someincidents of defensive gun use in the United States, roughly 65, per year.

Although big numbers, they pale by comparison with the total number of crimes reported during the same period—guns were used defensively in fewer than one in victimizations reported in the NCVS; moreover, criminal offenders were armed about 10 times more often than their victims.

These are just the sort of statistics dear to gun control advocates.

3 types of crime measurement essay

McDowall and Wiersema note, however, that their estimates of defensive gun use differ markedly from those based on an earlier survey by Kleck ; see also Kleck and Gertz, These numbers were derived from a national telephone survey of 1, registered voters who were asked: The two surveys covered different populations the civilian noninstitutional population in the NCVS versus registered voters with a telephone in the Kleck surveyinterviewed respondents by different methods in-person versus telephonecovered different recall periods six months in NCVS versus five years in the Kleck studyand asked their respondents markedly different questions.

Still, the difference between 65, incidents a year and someis quite dramatic and would seem to demand a less mundane explanation than one involving routine methodological differences. A later telephone survey by Kleck and Gertz yielded an even higher estimate—2.

3 types of crime measurement essay

McDowall and Wiersema cite two other possible explanations of the differences between the results of the NCVS and the earlier Kleck study. The later Kleck and Gertz estimates also rest on a similarly small base of positive reports—66 out of nearly 5, completed interviews.

Even a few mistaken respondents could have a large impact on the results. The NCVS excludes preemptive use of firearms e. It is possible that much of the disparity between the NCVS estimates and those derived from the two Kleck studies reflects the broader net cast in the latter surveys.

Respondents were asked both sets of questions—both written to cover a one-year recall period—and the experiment varied which ones came first in the interview.

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The sample included 3, respondents, selected from a list of likely gun owners. Overall, the Kleck items yielded three times more reports of defensive gun use than the NCVS-style items. What was particularly interesting in the results was that the two sets of items appeared to yield virtually nonoverlapping sets of incidents; of the 89 reports of defensive gun use, only 9 were mentioned in response to both sets of items.

Prevalence of Rape An even more disparate set of figures surrounds the issue of the number of women in the United States who have been the victim of attempted or completed rapes.

Once again, the studies from which the estimates are drawn differ in many crucial particulars—they sample different populations, ask different questions that are based on different definitions of rape, conduct data collection via different methods, and cover different recall periods.

As with the estimates of defensive gun use, what is surprising is not that the estimates differ from each other but that they differ so widely. Several studies converge on the estimate that about one-quarter of American women have been victims of completed or attempted rape at some time in their lives see, for example, Koss, Most of these figures do not accord well with the rape estimates from the NCVS; the NCVS covers a more limited period—six months—and does not produce estimates of lifetime victimization.3 Types of Crime Measurement Essay attempt to determine the Although, theses types of crime measurement all have the same aim, results vary tremendously between them.

Each type of measurement is conducted by a different group that hold their own techniques of gathering information. In the United States, the Uniform.

Criminologist attempt to determine the extent and nature of delinquency using three types of measurement. Uniform Crime Reports, victimization surveys and self report studies all have similar purposes of concluding the trends in different crimes and suggesting the attention of problematic issues.

6 THREE WAYS OF MEASURING CRIME which seem to suggest that Black people commit more crime • 1 crimes black people commit may be more noticeable types of crime • 2 crimes black people commit may be more HIGHLY reported • 3 police practices might record more black peoples crime than white peoples • 4 Police are racist/label black.

Homel Course Code: CCJ15 Course name: Introduction to Crime and Criminology Assessment number: 1 Due Date: Extension confirmation number: Student name: Tamara Chatterton Student number: S This essay will examine four different types of crime.

These include: Property, Violent, White-collar and Internet crimes. To examine these in detail this essay will define . Criminologist attempt to determine the extent and nature of delinquency using three types of measurement. Uniform Crime Reports, victimization surveys and self report. 3 Types of Crime Measurement Essay Uniform Crime Reports, victimization surveys and self report studies all have similar purposes of concluding the trends in different crimes and suggesting the attention of problematic issues.

3 Types of Crime Measurement Essays