He was probably named to honour Edward VIfrom whom he received a gilded christening cup. His uncle Golding argued that the Archbishop of Canterbury should halt the proceedings since a proceeding against a ward of the Queen could not be brought without prior licence from the Court of Wards and Liveries. She died three years later, and was buried beside her first husband at Earls Colne.
Because his father died when he was a minor, the new earl became a royal ward.
The wardship system involved his lands being used by the crown for its own profit, although ostensibly to the ward's benefit. Inat the age of twenty-one, Lord Edward regained control of his estates and married Anne Cecil, daughter of Lord Burghleyfor 40 years the Queen's Principal Secretary of State and later Lord Treasurer, in whose house he had been placed for his education during his minority.
The marriage, although it produced three surviving daughters, was not happy; Anne died in Their three remaining daughters, Elizabeth, Bridget and Susan, would marry into the nobility, the latter to the Earl of Montgomery, one of two noblemen to whom William Shakespeare's First Folio was dedicated.
De Vere was, in his earlier years, a favourite at court, where he seems to have mostly lived when young.
At 25, he undertook a tour of France, Germany and Italy in and was abroad for some sixteen months. The Earl flirted with Catholicism but in late he denounced a group of Catholic friends to the Queen, accusing them of treasonous activities and asking her mercy for his own, now repudiated, Catholicism.
He was retained under house arrest for a short time and, following the birth to Anne Vavasour of an illegitimate child fathered by him in Sir Edward Verewas briefly in the Tower of London.
The birth of this child led to a long-running feud with Sir Thomas Knyvett, uncle of Anne Vavasour, which resulted in the deaths of three followers of De Vere and Knyvett as well as injury to both men.
During the early s it is likely that the Earl lived mainly at one of his Essex country houses, Wivenhoe, but this was sold in After this it is probable that he followed the court again and passed some time in his one remaining London house.
Given the public praise of contemporaries extending over 35 years, it is likely that De Vere's poems represent but a sampling of his total output.
As an experimental lyric poet, De Vere used 11 different metrical and stanzaic forms in the two dozen poems, including fourteener couplets, the English sonnet, tetrameters, and trimeters.
De Vere was also active as a dramatist at this time. Though none of his masques and plays survive, he wrote plays of a quality to be cited by Francis Meres Palladis Tamia, for comedy and interlude, being praised by Meres as "the best among us for comedy.
The former company played at the Blackfriars Theater in London, the lease of which Oxford purchased and transferred to playwright and novelist John Lylyhis secretary for more than 15 years, and at Paul's Church, until it was closed in Oxford's Men was a troupe of actors which mostly toured the provinces.
Evidence of De Vere's lifelong interest in learning were the numerous contemporary tributes to his patronage. Among the 33 works dedicated to the Earl, six deal with religion and philosophy, two with music and three with medicine, but the focus of his patronage was literary, for 13 of the books presented to him were original or translated works of literature.
His extensive patronage and possible mismanagement of estates led to the sale of all his inherited lands, inhibiting the formation of a local power base and possibly precluding high office, though De Vere was briefly given military commands in in Holland and in during the Armada.
In the early s, he married his second wife, Elizabeth Trentham, one of the Queen's maids of honour.
Their only child, Henry, heir to the earldom, was born in By this time he was deeply in debt and had lost all his inherited estates.
He left no will and is presumed buried in St Augustine's church in the same parish. Contemporary testimony that he may be buried elsewhere is provided by Percival Golding, the youngest son of Arthur Golding, the uncle of De Vere. Golding wrote twenty years after De Vere's death that the 17th Earl "died at his house at Hackney in the month of June and lies buried at Westminster [Abbey].
In the Earl of Oxford was put forward as the true author of the works of William Shakespeare by J. Inthe Encyclopedia Britannica 15th edition commented that, "Edward de Vere became in the 20th century the strongest candidate proposed for the authorship of Shakespeare's plays.Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was born on 12 April, , at Castle Hedingham in Essex.
Because his father died when he was a minor, the new earl became a royal ward. The wardship system involved his lands being used by the crown for its own profit, although ostensibly to the ward's benefit.
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Ships from and sold by timberdesignmag.coms: Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, was one of the leading patrons of the Elizabethan age, but was he also William Shakespeare?
Kurt Kreiler's new book, The Man Who Invented Shakespeare, is the latest work to subscribe to this theory. The entire wikipedia with video and photo galleries for each article.
Find something interesting to watch in seconds. A short life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. He was born on 12 April at Castle Hedingham, his family’s ancestral home.
His father, John de Vere, 16th Earl, was Lord Great Chamberlain and attended the coronations of both Mary and Elizabeth Tudor. timberdesignmag.com presents poet and nobleman Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, who some believe is the true author of Shakespeare's timberdesignmag.com: Jun 24,