Puritan life and cultures

Burnt Hill Site-Western Massachusetts, by Colgate Gilbert Located in the heart of modern-day New England stand sites of such great antiquity; sites so enigmatic, so sophisticated and seemingly inexplicable, serious scientists and archaeologists have denied their study because of their monumental implications: It would force them to throw away their pre-conceived notions about the achievements of ancient man into the historical garbage can.

Puritan life and cultures

The book that initiated scholarly interest in this subject is Edmund S.

What were the puritans culture

Morgan, The Puritan Familyrev. In his view, early New England families embodied the broader Puritan emphasis on hierarchy and order, but they also reflected the values that the Puritans placed on consent and reciprocity. What leavened the great authority over dependents vested in husbands, fathers, and masters was the understanding that each member of the household had certain rights as well as duties.

PURITANS The Puritans were a group of people who grew discontent in the Church of England and worked towards religious, moral and societal reforms. Any deviations from the normal way of Puritan life met with strict disapproval and discipline. Since the church elders were also political leaders, any church infraction was also a social one. Nudity in Ancient to Modern Cultures. Aileen Goodson (This chapter excerpt is from Aileen Goodson's Therapy, Nudity & Joy) "If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred". Buy Ultra Probiotic Complex 80 Billion 30 Capsules & other Digestive Health Supplements. Acidophilus supports the healthy functioning of the intestinal system by promoting a favorable environment for the absorption of nutrients.** Our probiotic complex contains 80 Billion live cultures to help you maintain a healthy intestinal balance.**.

The Puritans, he contends, believed that sanctity ran in families—that godly parents were more likely than ungodly parents to produce godly children. John Demos reconnoiters some of the same territory first charted by Morgan in A Little Commonwealtha study of family life in Plymouth Colony.

This builds toward his most intriguing speculation—that the small physical size of households forced family members to repress feelings of anger or frustration toward one another.

Puritan life and cultures

Instead, those pent-up hostilities all too readily found other outlets—hence the recurring quarrels over civic and religious matters that rent nearly every community and the willingness of neighbors to haul one another into court over the most trivial matters.

In the same yearPhilip Greven published Four Generations, the first of his two important studies on religion and the early American family. In this community study of Andover, Massachusetts, Greven portrays New England fathers as patriarchs who, by dint of their longevity and the leverage of land legacies, held enormous influence over even their adult children.

But the sway of patriarchy began to wane during the eighteenth century, Greven concludes, as many subdivisions of family farms sharply reduced the acreage that fathers could distribute among their children. And as paternal control over the economic futures of their offspring weakened, young New Englanders became more autonomous and assertive—more willing to challenge the authority of both their natural fathers and their parent country, England.

Which mode of child rearing does the New England Primer most reflect—the evangelical, the moderate, or the genteel?

Puritan life and cultures

Library of CongressGreven subsequently produced what remains the most ambitious effort to link different religious persuasions to modes of child rearing, The Protestant Temperament In adulthood, many children reared in such families surrendered any remnant of selfhood in a cathartic conversion experience, a final submission to a demanding deity—onto whom they projected parental characteristics.

Less preoccupied with human sinfulness than evangelicals, moderates sought to control rather than to annihilate the self. That mode of child rearing, in his view, nurtured youthful self-assertion and produced adults who were more at ease with themselves than were either evangelicals or moderates—a well-adjusted lot comfortable with their bodies, their passions, and their ambitions.

Indeed, Levy starkly contrasts the authoritarian, patriarchal families of the Puritans with the more egalitarian households of the Quakers.

But Levy pushes the contrast between Puritans and Quakers farther still, arguing that while the Puritans relied on a variety of other institutions like churches and schools to instill children with Christian values, the Quakers vested that obligation solely in the parents.

In that view, the home is a sort of church, the spiritual center of communal life, a haven from the world in which children receive their most crucial moral and spiritual education—and as much from mothers as from fathers. That brings this discussion around to the subject of religion and gender roles.

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According to Levy, Quaker spiritual egalitarianism made wives and mothers vibrant, authoritative presences in both household and church, enjoying far greater influence in both spheres than did Puritan matrons.

Curiously enough, Puritan women were far more versed in such worldly concerns. Even so, a deep mistrust of women permeated the culture of Puritan New England. This pervasive misogyny, according to Karlsen, made women susceptible to charges of witchcraft, particularly those who stood to inherit large estates that would have endowed them with uncommon economic influence.Nudity in Ancient to Modern Cultures.

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To the Puritans life was a grand adventure. The lives of their families and their surrounding community was now in their hands. They knew the Biblical principles.

They knew that a man reaps what he sows. If they were not diligent before God and before their fellow man then there would be dire consequences. Puritan life in America would be. I.

Evidence of Sophisticated, Ancient, Unknown Cultures in North America....Page 38

Introduction. The Columbian Exchange transformed both sides of the Atlantic, but with dramatically disparate outcomes. New diseases wiped out entire civilizations in the Americas, while newly imported nutrient-rich foodstuffs enabled a European population boom.

The Puritans themselves found it difficult to maintain a society in a state of creative uncertainty. In , a Puritan synod met to deliberate the causes of widespread spiritual malaise.

A Comparison and Contrast Between Native American and Puritan Culture | Essay Example

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Puritans - Wikipedia