Japan was essentially defeated by Juneand the war was essentially over by July
What happened on 6 August ? In the hold was an experimental bomb, codenamed Little Boy. In Hiroshima the air raid sirens had sounded twice that morning already. On both occasions the all clear followed swiftly.
Enola Gay faced no resistance as it dropped the bomb. Forty five seconds later the city was destroyed in a blinding instant. Eighty thousand men, women and children were killed and tens of thousands wounded, disfigured and poisoned by radiation from the bomb.
Three days later, another nuclear bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. A week later, Japan surrendered. The bomb brought World War Two to a sudden end, but was it right to use it?
Why did America use the bomb? World at War Fremantle Media.
Conclusion of the war The bomb was dropped to force a quick Japanese surrender. American commanders said it would save money and the lives of American servicemen and Japanese soldiers and civilians too.
They said that to continue the war for weeks or months with conventional bombing and a US land invasion could have caused millions of Japanese deaths. Retribution against the Japanese President Truman justified his decision by pointing to the unprovoked Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and the murder of American prisoners.
A few days after the bombing he wrote: They wanted to demonstrate to the Japanese that they faced overwhelmingly superior forces.
They also wanted their new rivals, the Soviet Union, to see their powerful new weapon in action. Was it a just decision? Inthe idea of just war was firmly established in international law. In a just war, only combatants may be specifically targeted.
Harm caused to civilians must be proportional to military ends and any harm caused must be necessary for the achievement of military goals. However, some argue that all citizens contribute to the war effort and can be a legitimate target in some cases. BBC History page on war ethics 3. How did people react?
Click each of the icons below to discover some of the surprising things key people thought at the time. This content uses functionality that is not supported by your current browser.
Consider upgrading your browser.May 17, · What are some reasons why President Truman SHOULDN'T have dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? & What are some reasons why he SHOULD have dropped the bomb?Status: Resolved. Every summer, as the anniversaries of the U.S.
nuclear strikes on Hiroshima and Nagasaki approach, Americans engage in the painful moral exercise of wondering whether President Harry Truman should.
Watch video · Why the United States Dropped Atomic Bombs in World War II, after the explosion of the atom bomb in August , Hiroshima, Japan. Universal History Archive / Getty Images. This month marks the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. And with each passing year the historical record is ever clearer that dropping the A-bombs was unnecessary.
The firebombing of Tokyo alone killed , civilians on the night of March 9–10, , causing more civilian death and destruction than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
A total of , civilians died in .
Watch video · Why the United States Dropped Atomic Bombs in World War II, after the explosion of the atom bomb in August , Hiroshima, Japan. Universal History Archive / Getty Images. Watch video · President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima, nearly 71 years after it was destroyed by the first atomic bomb, inevitably raises once again the questions of why the United States dropped that bomb. The debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki concerns the ethical, legal, and military controversies surrounding the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 August and 9 August at the close of World War II (–45).
Aug 09, · On Aug. 9, , three days after the bombing of Hiroshima, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki.
Aug. 9, | U.S. Drops Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki, Japan - The New York Times.